Heredity and Evolution
A breeding experiment studying a single trait is
Correct Answer: Option(d)
Solution: Monohybrid cross refers to inheritance of a single contrasting trait by two parents at a time. For example, a cross of tall (T) and dwarf (t) pea plants (TT xtt). Dihybrid cross refers to inheritance of two pairs of contrasting characters by two parents at the same time. For example, a cross of two pea plants, one with yellow and round seeds (YYRR) and other with green and wrinkled seeds (yyrr). The term “monozygous” represents twins being developed from a single zygote. The first division in zygote produces two identical cells that independently develop into two embryos; monozygotic twins are produced. The term “dizygous” represent twins being developed from individual zygotes. Fertilization of two eggs by separate sperms produces two zygotes that independently develop into two embryos. Thus, the correct answer is the option D.