Check out the tips and tricks to crack the NDA exam i.e. conducted by the UPSC: You must put your faith in your preparedness and must be truly committed and strive to prepare more than everyone else to place yourself in a position to succeed, and when the time comes, you must enjoy, relax, breathe, and trust in your preparation to execute without being anxious or filled with doubt.
The NDA exam is a popular choice among students who desire to join the Indian Defense Forces. It provides a platform for applicants interested in joining the Indian Army, Air Force, or Navy. Getting through NDA and SSB is no easy task.
Candidates must create a smart study strategy to prepare for the exam. Making a sensible study plan is a good way to improve your study method. Candidates should first review their fundamental ideas and should also review the question papers from the previous year. Revise as much as possible the topics covered in the syllabus.
What are the most crucial topics for the NDA exam?
The mathematics questions in the NDA syllabus are designed to assess a candidate’s ability to calculate. The questions are primarily of Class 10, 11, and 12 levels. Candidates can prepare the following topics for the Mathematics section.
- Statistics, trigonometry, and so on.
- Determinants and Matrices
Tips to Prepare:: Make the most of your study time by planning ahead of time
A well-thought-out study strategy is required for improved preparation. Smart study strategy refers to effectively managing your time and the NDA 2021 syllabus. Your study plan must be well-organized for you to achieve good results.
1. Fundamentals Should be Clear.
First, go over your entire syllabus and highlight the issues that demand extra attention. Begin by learning the fundamentals of the topics until you have mastered the fundamentals will you be prepared to tackle the higher-level questions. After you’ve mastered the fundamentals, go over the exam pattern and syllabus.
NDA 2021 exam pattern:
|Subjects||Number of questions||Marks||Duration|
|Mathematics||120||300||2 hrs 30 mins (each paper)|
|General Ability Test||150||600|
Note- There is a ⅓ negative marking for every wrong answer.
NDA Syllabus: (Mathematics)
There are 120 questions in the NDA mathematics paper, each worth 2.5 points. For each incorrect answer, one-third of a mark will be deducted. The NDA maths paper is worth a maximum of 300 points. Candidates can consult the table below for more information on the NDA Mathematics syllabus;
|Differential Calculus||Concept of a real-valued function–domain, range, and graph of a function. Increasing and decreasing functions.|
Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative – applications.
Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, a derivative of a composite function.
Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions.Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions.
Standard limits – examples.Second-order derivatives.Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.
|Statistics and Probability||Statistics Variance and standard deviation Union and Intersection of events.’|
Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem – simple problems.Complementary, elementary, and composite events.
Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events.Random variable as function on a sample space.
Graphical representation measures of Central tendency – Mean, median, and mode. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.
Definition of probability – classical and statistical – examples. Elementary theorems on probability – simple problems.
|Vector Algebra|| Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.|
Addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector in two and three dimensions, Unit and null vectors Scalar product or dot product of two vectors.
|Analytical Geometry Of Two And Three Dimensions||Equation of a circle in standard and general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola.Equation of a sphere.The angle between two lines.|
Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms.
Distance of a point from a line. Equation two points. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms.dimensional space, the distance between two points.
Direction Cosines and direction ratios. The angle between two lines and the in-equations frequently angle between two planes.
Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three
|Trigonometry||Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios.|
Inverse trigonometric functions.
Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles.
|Matrices And Determinants||Basic Properties Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications- Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns|
DeterminantTypes of matrices, operations on matrices.
|Algebra||Sets and Venn diagrams. Representation of real numbers on a line.Arithmetic, Geometric, and Harmonic progressions. De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation.|
Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity. Binary system of numbers. Conversion of a number in the decimal system to binary system and vice-versa.
Logarithms and their applications. Quadratic equations with real coefficients. Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs.Permutation and Combination. Binomial theorem and its applications.
|Integral Calculus And Differential Equations||General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order and first-degree differential equations of various types – examples Application in problems of growth and decay.|
Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions.
Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples.
Evaluation of definite integrals— determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.
NDA Syllabus – General Ability Test (GAT)
|English language||Comprehension, Fill in the blanks, complete the sentences, Idioms, and phrases, Synonym and antonym, Active and passive voice, Finding errors|
|History||Indian history: Culture and civilization, Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, India freedom struggle, Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development, French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution.|
Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism, and Communism, Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration, and Discovery
|Geography||Landforms of India, Movements of Earth and their effects.|
Layers of earth Type of soils
Climate and Atmosphere, Rivers, Cyclones and Anticyclones, Solar system and universe, Rocks and their classification;
|Physics||Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer.|
Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection, and refraction. Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Heat.
Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of HeatOhm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays.
Equilibrium of objects, Laws of Motion, Gravitation, Work, power, and energy
|Chemistry||Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination|
Properties of Air and Water, Fertilizers— Natural and Artificial, Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder
Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency, Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen
|General Science||Biotic and abiotic components, Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals.|
Achievements of Eminent Scientists. Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention. NDA Syllabus 2021 – General Ability TestBasis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues.
2. Requires efforts on General Knowledge and English.
Put great efforts into general knowledge and English. To pass the NDA exam, you must have subject proficiency in English. Your English is not just examined in a written exam; if you speak English fluently, it may positively impact selectors during the interview.
Because General Knowledge is a requirement of the syllabus, you should study it thoroughly. You can improve your GK by reading newspapers, magazines, journals, and referring to books by well-known authors who specialize in current events, among other things.
3. NDA’s Health Maintenance and Personality
The NDA’s Health Maintenance and Personality All applicants are urged to have a balanced diet and drink enough water to be fit and healthy. In addition, to relieve tension, You prefer yoga or another form of exercise or meditation.
4. Take Regular Breaks:
Take Regular Breaks: It’s sometimes useful to divert your attention away from your tests. Playing sports or taking a walk will be quite beneficial. Please don’t misunderstand what we mean when we say relax. It’s hardly termed relaxing to watch Netflix and stuff.
Do not study for lengthy periods of time.
Only study for 2 hours and then take a 20-30 minute break. When examinations are approaching, though, regular breaks are not an option.
5. Practice Diligently:
When you finish a chapter, try to answer as many practice questions as you can. Keeping a separate notepad for practicing is a good idea. This will come in handy when it comes to last-minute revision. Make a note of the ones that are tough for you to practice later.
It’s important to remember that practicing doesn’t imply that you’ll spend a week mastering the same idea.
You should only spend the appropriate amount of time on each chapter. The primary goal of practice is not to master that specific chapter. All you have to do is learn enough to remember the approach or concept. As you revise and practice, you will eventually master a certain idea.
6. Solve Previous Year’s Question Papers:
Once you’ve determined that you’re ready, look at the NDA exam’s previous year’s question papers to see where you’re falling short, and then focus on those areas again. So get a head start, study hard, be focused, and commit to your studies to assure more success. Solving practice questions is also beneficial.
The ability to revise is crucial to success. Candidates should take brief notes and review them frequently. This will aid candidates in remembering it for a longer period. On the other hand, try to keep at least one week before the exam.
At the end of the day, don’t waste time studying topics that aren’t vital. This will cause you to forget what you learned previously.
Revise all of the topics and subjects you’ve studied thoroughly in the week leading up to the exam. This will assist you in achieving a high mark on the exam.
Students are likely to be worried as their entire study routine has flipped due to the current epidemic and the uncertainty related to it. As we all adjust to the new conditions, we must acknowledge that we are in a tough situation and find strategies to stay motivated and on track with our objectives. To break up the monotony, students must keep their long-term goals in mind and supplement their study efforts with a nutritious diet, appropriate hydration, workouts, and entertaining activities. Additionally, it is critical for instructors and parents to provide unconditional support and positive reinforcement to students who will be taking tests.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q1 When should I begin studying for the NDA?
When you reach class 11th and onwards, it is the optimum time to study for the NDA entrance test. Clear all of your basic aspects and write notes about the subject right away. There are numerous related publications and practice tests available that may be referred to assist with revision.
Q2 Is the NDA exam difficult?
The NDA test is hard; but, if applicants begin studying early then it will be less difficult. Students who begin their preparation right after their board examinations have a far greater chance of succeeding. They might also benefit from the correct books and study materials for their preparation.
Q3 Is NCERT sufficient for NDA?
The NDA test comprises of questions with a Class 12 or lower level. You would not need any other reference book to pass the test if you carefully read the NCERT books and understand all of the ideas presented in them.
Q4 Do questions repeat in NDA?
Yes, most of the questions are from previous year’s exams; only the questions are different, but the idea remains the same. As a result, familiarise yourself with the prior year’s papers.