Which of the following triggers the ripening of fruits?
Correct answer: (a)
Solution: Ethylene helps fruits ripen by making them softer, through the breakdown components of the cell walls, and sweeter, through the conversion of starches to sugars. Unlike the other plant hormones, ethylene is actually a gas and is distributed through the air, not through the plant body. One of the coolest things about ethylene is that it is released in a positive feedback loop, a little bit of ethylene causes more to be released, which causes even more to be released, and so on. A benefit of this fact is that you can take an unripe fruit (a pear, plum, or peach, for example) and put it in a paper bag with riper fruit (bananas work well for this) and ethylene will accumulate, making the unripe fruit soft and sweet. Indoleacetic acid, gibberellic acid and kinetin does not triggers the ripening process.