Claw is found in the petals of | Filo
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Class 12



Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants

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Claw is found in the petals of

  1. Cruciferae
  2. Fabaceae
  3. Liliaceae
  4. Solanaceae
Correct Answer: Option(a)
Solution: The mustard family (Brassicaceae) consists mainly of annual to perennial herbs with watery acrid juices. They bear alternate leaves which lack stipules. The stems are often hairy, with forked or star-shaped (stellate) hairs. The calyx consists of 4 separate sepals and the corolla of 4 petals that are often separable into a narrow claw at the base, expanded into a broader limb at the upper petal end. The androecium is composed of 6 stamens in a unique tetradidynamous arrangement in which there are 4 long stamens and 2 short ones. The gynoecium is syncarpous (of 2 united carpels) containing ovules that are borne along the ovary wall. (This is called parietal placentation.) The ovary is divided internally, but because the partition goes across the carpels instead of between them, its regarded as a false partition (called as a replum) and the fruit is such a strikingly modified capsule that it has a special name, the silique or a silicle if short and squat. Claw is absent in petals of Fabaceae, Solanaceae and Liliaceae. 
Therefore, the correct answer is option A.

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